Investing in the New Era for Rail

Investing in the Future of Rail

Amtrak is delivering a new era of rail. We’re modernizing our fleet, bridges and tunnels, stations, and other infrastructure, while redefining the customer experience for the modern era. This investment is made possible through a combination of federal programs, including those funded by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, as well as Amtrak’s annual grants, state and local partnerships, and customer revenue.

Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act

In 2021, Congress passed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), sometimes referred to as the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), which provided a historic level of federal investment in passenger and freight railroads. This funding is greater than all 50+ years of federal funding provided to Amtrak since our creation.

This is a once-in-a-generation opportunity for Amtrak and passenger rail to play a central role in improving how people move and securing our economic future. This historic legislation provides $66 billion for rail, including:

$22 billion directly to Amtrak over five years to repair or replace aging assets, modernize our fleet, improve station accessibility, and other capital projects and purposes defined under the law.

  • $16 billion for the National Network
  • $6 billion for the Northeast Corridor

$44 billion for Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) discretionary grants to support various improvements to passenger and freight railroads.

  • $36 billion for the FRA Federal-State Partnership grant program including $24 billion for Northeast Corridor bridges, tunnels, capital renewal, station, and other improvements, and $12 billion for corridor development and other improvements that are not on the NEC.
  • $5 billion for the FRA Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvements (CRISI) program, available to advance a broad array of improvements to freight and passenger rail.
  • $3 billion for the FRA Railroad Crossing Elimination program to support state and local governments to make grade separations and other related safety improvements.

To date, out of the $44 billion allocated to the FRA’s discretionary grant programs, $10.3 billion has been awarded to Amtrak. This funding supports projects such as the Frederick Douglass Tunnel, East River Tunnel, Susquehanna River Bridge, Gulf Coast Corridor Improvement and Chicago Union Station projects. $16.1 billion has been awarded to various other applicants, including Amtrak partners.

Get more details about the FRA’s discretionary BIL-funded grant programs.

Featured Projects

Amtrak Airo

Amtrak is enhancing the customer experience by introducing new trains with a focus on safety, passenger comfort, reliability and sustainability.

Moynihan Train Hall at New York Penn Station

The Moynihan Train Hall is the home of Amtrak in New York City — a world-class station for a world-class city.

Infrastructure Improvements

In preparation for the next generation Acela fleet, Amtrak is taking steps to improve its infrastructure.

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