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Children and infants must travel with an adult who is at least 18 years or older.

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Late trains often make up time en route and may arrive earlier than expected. When trains are late, we suggest you arrive at your departure station prior to the estimated arrival or departure time.

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Booking Limits for Number of Passengers per Transaction

Our online booking system is designed to accommodate most of our customers' needs regarding the number passengers in each age category (adult, child, and infant) that will typically be booked in a given transaction.

However, if you need to book travel for a large number of passengers, or for several children and/or infants, or if you are traveling with an unusual ratio of adults to children or infants, the following explanation of our booking system rules may be helpful.

If you need to book travel for a large number of passengers, or if you have trouble understanding these rules, we're happy to give you assistance at 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245).

Three Age Ranges

Each passenger traveling on Amtrak is initially characterized by age as follows:

  • Adult (13 years of age and older)
  • Child (2 - 12 years of age)
  • Infant (younger than 2 years of age)

Reservations for passengers 13, 14 and 15 years old traveling alone cannot be booked on Amtrak.com, but can be made in accordance with the Amtrak Unaccompanied Minor Policy by calling 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245).

In certain circumstances, a passenger who is characterized as a "child" by virtue of age, may be re-characterized as an "adult" for the purposes of determining a fare, if necessary to comply with the Adult-to-Child Fare Ratio rule explained below.

Likewise, a passenger who is characterized as an "infant" by virtue of age, may be re-characterized as a "child" or an "adult" for the purposes of determining a fare, if necessary to comply with the Adult-to-Infant Fare Ratio rule explained below.

Fare-Paying Passengers

Adults and children are considered fare-paying passengers. Passengers characterized as "infants" do not pay a fare.

Rules
No More than Eight Fare-Paying Passengers per Transaction

In each online transaction, you may make reservations for no more than eight fare-paying passengers.

You may make reservations for more than eight passengers, but only:

  • when those passengers are "infants"
  • when you otherwise comply with the ratio rules, below

If you exceed the eight fare-paying passengers rule, you can still book travel for your party by completing additional online transactions with no more than eight fare-paying passengers.

Adult-to-Child Fare Ratio Rule

For most Amtrak routes,* children are entitled to travel at 50% off the standard adult fare. This discount is only available, however, for up to two children for every adult passenger booked in a given transaction. Children exceeding that 2:1 ratio must travel at the standard adult fare. (Please note that infants (younger than age 2) do not count as "children" for the purpose of determining an acceptable adult/child ratio.)

Examples
Adults Children Explanation
1 2 Both children travel at the 50%-off fare.
1 3 Two children travel at the 50%-off fare; one child travels at the standard adult fare.

Please note that our online booking system does not permit you to book this combination of three children and one adult since it exceeds the acceptable ratio. For the purpose of booking a reservation online, you must instead characterize one of the children as an adult, and select '2' from the 'Adult' list and '2' from the 'Children' list.
2 3 All three children travel at the 50%-off fare. Up to four children may travel at the children's discount with two adults.
2 5 As in the second example above, here one child must be re-characterized as an adult. The four remaining children are entitled to travel at the 50%-off children's fare.
3 5 Since the adult-to-children ratio is not exceeded, all five children may travel at the 50%-off fare.
3 6 Although the adult-to-children ratio is not exceeded, you may not book travel for all nine passengers in one transaction since you have more than eight fare-paying passengers.
Adult-to-Infant Fare Ratio Rule

Infants (passengers younger than age 2) are entitled to travel free. This discount is available, however, for only one infant for every adult passenger booked in a given transaction. Any infants exceeding that 1:1 ratio must travel at the children's fare, if available, or at the adult fare, if a children's fare is not available because the maximum number of children are already traveling.

Please note that infants are not entitled to a seat when they travel free. If you wish to ensure that you have seat space for an infant, you must purchase a ticket at the child or adult fare.

Adults Infants Explanation
1 1 The infant travels free on the lap of the adult.
1 2 One infant travels free on the lap of the adult. The other infant must travel at the child or adult fare.
2 2 The infants travel free on the laps of the adults.
8 8 The infants all travel free on the laps of the adults. Since infants do not count as fare-paying passengers, this transaction is permitted by our booking system.
All Rules Applied Together
Adults Children Infants Explanation
1 2 1 This is an acceptable combination. You may book this reservation using our online booking system. The children will travel at the 50%-off fare*, and the infant will travel free. The infant does not count as a child for the purpose of the 2:1 child-to-adult ratio rule.
2 4 2 This is an acceptable combination. You may book this reservation using our online booking system. The children will travel at the 50%-off fare*, and the infant will travel free. The infant does not count as a child for the purpose of the 2:1 child-to-adult ratio rule.
3 5 2 This is an acceptable combination. You may book this reservation using our online booking system. The children will travel at the 50%-off fare*, and the infant will travel free. The infant does not count as a child for the purpose of the 2:1 child-to-adult ratio rule.
2 5 5 You may book this transaction, but you first must re-characterize your passengers.

* The 50%-off discount for children is available on most trains. Exceptions and limitations apply.